When you have a urinary problem, Dr. Friedman may use a cystoscope to see inside your bladder and urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder and urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
The cystoscope has lenses like a telescope or microscope. These lenses let the doctor focus on the inner surfaces of the urinary tract. Some cystoscopes use optical fibers (flexible glass fibers) that carry an image from the tip of the instrument to a viewing piece at the other end.
The cystoscope have extra tubes to guide other instruments for procedures to treat urinary problems.
- frequent urinary tract infections
- blood in your urine (hematuria)
- loss of bladder control (incontinence or overactive bladder)
- unusual cells found in urine sample
- need for bladder catheter
- painful urination, chronic pelvic pain, or interstitial cystitis
- urinary blockage such as prostate enlargement, stricture (restriction), or narrowing of the urinary tract
- stone in the urinary tract
- unusual growth, polyp, tumor, or cancer
If you have a stone lodged in your ureter or have an area that needs more study in your ureter, Dr. Friedman may recommend a ureteroscopy.