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While the main focus may be on cancer when dealing with problems of the prostate gland, it can also be the site of infection and inflammation. Prostatitis is a benign condition, but it is far from inconsequential. Prostatitis can strike men of any age to cause problems that range from acute infection with high fever to chronic inflammation with persistent pain. To complicate matters, prostatitis may also trigger false alarms about cancer by elevating prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels, which only serves to contribute to the mental stress of those who suffer from this infection. To confuse the issue even more, prostatitis is actually four diseases, the most common of which fortunately lends itself to easy diagnosis and effective treatment. While two forms of prostatitis (ABP and CBP) are caused by bacteria, the other two (NBP and PD) have no known cause.